I don't know Ken Cartwright, though I did have a few brief interactions with him back when the 'Community Radio USA' forums were still around. But from my current research, a rather clear impression emerges of him as a very talented and very friendly, but stubborn soul, who has eagerly sought out community involvement all his life, who never hesitates to speak his mind, and will a fight if he believes he's right. That is one of the things that makes the story of KENC so beautiful. The other thing is that he excelled in successfully establishing KENC as a top-notch community station. Despite it's eventual downfall (for lack of a better word, as it really wasn't a failure), KENC remains to be the most successful and famous part 15 community station in history, exceeding the success of even the long running and still in operation Radio Sausalito.
Ken did EVERYTHING right and remains to be what every part 15 community broadcaster should strive for. He did everything right, that is, except interpret the term "ground lead" correctly (anyone who's been in the hobby a long time, knows that practically everyone was misinterpreting 15.219 back then!). Anyway, a couple nights ago wrote this detailed chronically ordered summary of the KENC station, with the sources of research from over 20 publications, equaling even more individual articles (most of which were Oregon based), as well as information gathered from numerous forums, such as Hobby Broadcaster, Radio Discussions, Part15US, Antique Radio Forum, PDXRadio, what little is left of the KENC site archive, a few other miscellaneous sources.. Intended to fine-tune this a bit before posting, but that might result in me never posting! So decided to post now, as is. There's not much in ways of links below, but I intend to add some later (should have already).. for due credits, and to demonstrate it's accuracy.
It's pretty in depth, only problem is I'm not much of a writer, nevertheless I believe the following is a very accurate story about KENC, a story not told in it's entirety anywhere else. So next time the subject of KENC comes up and a newcomer ask (as they invariably do) "Who's KENC??", you can direct them to this page. I tried to go easy on actual quotes, there's a few, but not excessive. It's not a short read, I inserted bold capital letter headings to break it up.
" ..I built little crystal radio sets all the time.. ..It took me about a month to build a transmitter and antenna.. ..One afternoon.. Mom stuck her head in the door and said there was someone there to talk to me. In stepped Mr FCC from Buffalo, NY... ..he cut the wires holding my homemade antenna and threw it to the ground.. he took my transmitter and tucked it in a cardboard box to take with him.. ..He then explained the issue with the FCC, the law, the consequences, etc. He warned me to never do this again or he'd be back.... -Ken Cartwright [Read full story here]
|Ken Cartwright on bass during last broadcast KENC 1620 AM|
He went on to serve in Navy, later became a private contractor for the government, but admits, “I politically couldn’t keep my mouth shut, and I wanted to do what I wanted to do.”
Fast forward a few years, and he's an apprentice at a music shop in LA; “No pay, but lots and lots of learning.”. He soon was building and repairing stringed instruments as a career, and moved to Coos Bay to open his own shop, which he called 'Cartwright Music', he eventually moved the shop to Salem Oregon, and then again to Stayton Oregon in 1999.
In 2007, Ken bought an old commercial building on 3rd Ave that had been built in 1908, he says it's haunted by friendly ghost. It had at one time been a brothel, an automotive garage, and a variety of other shops. Now it was going to be a music shop. Ken remodeled and later added more windows for the upstairs. Finally he moved his music shop from it's Ida Street location to his newly remodeled 3rd Ave building.
COMMUNITY STATION PLANS ANNOUNCED:
Early August 2007, Ken Cartwright announces his plans to open a radio station in Stayton, The Stayton Journal was first to report it on August 9, soon after several other Oregon publications reported about it as well.
Ken spent the rest of the month setting up his station; installed a transmitter on his roof (a Hamilton AM1000), performed test runs, and discovered the transmitter "can cover from Highway 22 to about the south edge of town." (about 2 miles or so). He began meeting with city officials in Stayton, Aumsville, and Sublimity, looking to secure locations, as well as donations for the $1,000 a per install transmitters..
He set up the studio, gathered his country and bluegrass music library together for automation, and began preparing resources for local news, with segments devoted to Stayton and Regis high schools; traffic reports, interviews with local officials, readying the phonelines for call-in guest, made room for a marketplace time devoted to buying, selling and trading; all of which would intersect with large blocks of music. Soon he was ready for the official launch of KENC RADIO 1620 AM...
THE LAUNCH • SEMPTEMBER 3, 2007:
Precisely at 6:30 AM, as Ken looked out his large storefront window onto the sidewalk and street, just before the rising sun, KENC 1620AM hits the airwaves for the first time. Stayton's population was about 1700, those in range (and awake!) tuned in to listen to their new community stations launch.
“It is 6:52 in the morning, as we continue on with music. Our featured artist this morning is Marty Stuart, on AM 1620, KENC. Good morning... ...There may be some fog as you head up the canyon if you’re going towards Mehama or Lyons. So be aware, turn your headlights on. Watch out for the deer, they’re out there this morning... ...Part of the program this morning is made possible by you, our KENC listeners. And a grant from Jensen Kreitzer. Jensen Kreitzer in downtown Stayton is your hometown store…..."
In the weeks and months to come KENC received high praise in many publications such as The Salem News, Stayton Press, The Oregonian, Our Town, Oregon Public Broadcasting, and others. It was well received by the community.
"Cartwright’s project isn’t technically a radio station, at least not in the legal sense. He’s taking advantage of an FCC rule that allows anyone to set up a very low power AM transmitter. KENC broadcasts with a whopping 100 milliwatts of power. That’s one-tenth of a watt. In other words, the average trucker can reach more people with a CB radio. But Cartwright knows a good chunk of Stayton’s 7300 people are listening. They stop and tell him at the grocery and post office... ..“You know I’ve had a drive-by mooning, already.”
ADDITIONAL TRANSMITTERS INSTALLED:
During 2008 KENC expanded it's reach by moving the transmitter from the roof to his newly installed 40 foot metal tower erected directly behind the building. He also installed two more transmitters (Rangemasters) around the area; one on a metal roof above the bleachers by the control room of the Stayton High School football stadium, the other on top a 100ft water tower located across Highway 22, in Stayton's sister city, Sublimity. The transmitters were gps synchronized and utilized Barix boxes (according to one source).
|Click to enlarge map.|
It's reported he moved the studio to his upstairs bedroom, (unclear why, I suspect a secondary makeshift studio was created upstairs, but the primary studio remained at storefront perhaps?) and the first floor remained as a concert hall which also housed Cartwright's Music Repair shop.
Every weekday from 6:30 to 9:30 a.m. Ken does the news along with a play by play of the sunrise. Throughout the rest of the day his three volunteer disc jockeys take over. One reads book excerpts, another, who's a prison guard plays New Age and acoustic music. The third features folk and blues music. Community updates are announced throughout the day. (Not sure how having a rotating crew of DJs in his bedroom played out!). On Saturdays, Ken hosts "Tradio," where locals call-in to alert about garage sale offerings. Stayton High School football games are broadcasts live. The station also streams live 24/7 on the Internet, where it's heard in 30 countries and all states but North Dakota.
KEN CARTWRIGHT SUFFERS SERIOUS MEDICAL ISSUES:
In early May 2009, Ken fell deftly ill and had to have surgery to remove a busted gall bladder brought on from pneumonia which was also affecting his pancreas. The surgery resulted in a staph infection, which was treated with high doses of antibiotics. His recovery was slow, and since he had no medical insurance, he was facing some very heavy medical bills that he couldn't cover. To his surprise, townspeople came out of the woodwork to help him. Benefits were held at the Star [bar?], and again at the Station Community Center to raise funds to cover the medical bills.
“The level of friendship I’ve developed over the years goes far beyond what I thought it was,” Cartwright said, humbled by all the attention and support. “Lots of friends came out of the woodwork willing to help me, and I’m eternally grateful.. ..I’ve done things all my life for other people, but never in my wildest dreams would I consider they’d do this for me!”
FIRST ON-AIR WEDDING IN HISTORY:
To avoid expenses, Ken suggest, "Why not just do the service online on the radio station?", and that's exactly what they did. The announcements for the first-ever radio wedding were reported in both The Oregonian and Our Town publications..
FCC Agent Bihn Nguyen read the Oregonian paper, and three days later showed up at the newlyweds front door.. "Talk about spoiling the wedding party."
NOTICE OF UNLICENSED OPERATION ISSUED TO TRANSMITTER IN STAYTON:
(Not issued until November 5, 2009) NOTICE OF UNLICENSED OPERATION Case Number: EB-09-PO-0056
"..On October 20, 2009, an agent from this office confirmed.. ..radio signals on frequency 1620 kHz were emanating from 429 N. Third Avenue, Stayton, Oregon.. ..The field strength of the signal on frequency 1620 kHz was measured at 4000 microvolts per meter (uV/m ) at 137 meters,.. ..the agent observed that the vertical whip antenna used by the station was approximately 3 meters long, however, the referenced antenna's ground lead was attached to an unshielded radiating metal tower in which the height of the tower measured at approximately 40 feet long.. --Binh Nguyen, Resident Agent
-[Note that's 270 times the expected power measured at 4-1/2 times the distance]-
"FCC inspector Binh Nguyen declared.. ..it exceeded the three meters maximum allowable length per FCC code.
“That’s his interpretation,” Cartwright said, “the code does not say that.”
"In an interview this week, Nguyen said he hasn't a clue how many low-power radio stations broadcast from basements or bedrooms around Oregon. Unlike Cartwright's community-focused station, hobbyists.. keep such low profiles the FCC doesn't know about them. We only inspect," he said, "if something surfaces in front of us or if we have a complaint.. ..Unlicensed, low-power stations are legal, but those who operate them must adhere to strict regulations regarding broadcast power, transmitter strength, antennas and such.. ..KENC can be heard over three transmitters, each of which covers 10 to 12 blocks in Stayton and neighboring Sublimity. That's too far.. ..To operate a station," he said, "you must comply with the federal standard." The FCC says the station is allowed a signal strength that carries just over 98 feet.."
That reference to 98 feet had to be due to a misconception by the reporter, and not something that Nguyen had actually said. There is absolutely no such rule stipulating -or even indicating- a 15.219 signal strength of just over 98 feet. In fact it is specifically stated there is no field strength limit associated with it whatsoever. I suspect the reporter had read something pertaining to Part 15 FM regulations and quoted from that.
Cartwright said he knew the rules and believed he was operating legally. "Then we have this happen, here comes this 500-pound gorilla from the federal government..."
CURIOUS GROUND LEAD REFERENCES:
During a face to face visit, Agent Nguyen cited to Ken "a chapter in the FCC guide that we were not aware of" (presumably the FCC's Field Agents manual) giving KENC the choice for the transmitter to be either elevated with no ground, or to have it grounded at a height of no more than 3 feet. (other reports relating to a conversation between Senator Wydens office and the FCC actually suggested up to a 3 meter ground lead.. if these reports are accurate is another matter, however, up to a 3 meter ground lead would correspond with 50 years of established use of Part 15AM by Department of the Interior, as well as present day ISS installs, ie: national and state parks, historic sites, marinas etc. with their pole/post mount part 15 installs).
It's interesting that no such options addressed anywhere in the rules, yet it's highly unlikely an agent "playing hardball", as Nguyen was, would ever suggest it if not true, thus giving more weight to the theory it is stated within the redacted portions of the field agents manual released years ago after FOIA request (which Ken says the agent had read aloud to him). But, without an unredacted copy in hand, it's only a speculative deduction.
3 SITE ON-SITE VISITS LEAD TO NO LEAD:
During November and December, Nguyen came to Stayton three times to meet with Ken attempting assistance in making his 3rd Ave install compliant.
"He was trying to get me to comply with ..15.209, ..I told him I disagreed with his interpretation and would not accept it.. I insisted that rule did not come under part 15.219.. ..I told him I heard him loud and clear but did not agree with him... ..I said, "so, if i bring the transmitter/antenna down off the 40' tower and keep it within 3 feet of the ground, that would be OK?" He said "Yes".
I said, "If I left it up on the tower and cut the ground off and retuned, that would be OK?" He thought about that for a minute and said "Yes".."
Ken removed the ground wire from the elevated transmitter, this resulted in a decrease in range, but Ken considered it was still operating with a satisfactory reach..
CALL LETTERS MULTIPLE TRANSMITTERS NOT AN ISSUE:
Nguyen deemed the elevated transmitter at the stadium which was grounded to the "ungrounded metal roof" as compliant. It's also worth noting that at no time did Nguyen or any FCC official express any concern about KENC using call letters, nor for employing multiple transmitters to expand range. (I only mention this because sometimes the use of call letters and synchronizing transmitters is questioned amongst forum discussions about it's actual legality; Use of vanity part 15 call letters is seemingly discouraged but not specifically prohibited by the rules. As for multiple transmitter, there is nothing in the rules prohibiting it either, nor has there has ever been a citation issued for doing so. Also the Rangemaster is FCC Certified with multi-transmitter link capability. But the bottom line, and deciding factor is that OEC document FCC 89-103A1 clearly states multiple part 15 transmitters may be used "for the purpose of extending transmission range or for extending the area of coverage" " (See paragraphs 136 and 137).
WAS AGENT NGUYEN IGNORING FCC RULE 15.219?
The primary argument was that Nguyen seemed to be forcing Ken to apply to 15.209 field strength, despite the fact the Rangemaster AMT1000 is FCC Certified to operate under 15.219. If this what was Nguyen was actually doing however, is up to interpretation.
In the days following the NOUO, news about the citation appeared in The Oregonian, Popular Communications, Radio & Television Business Report, Statesman Journal, and others. Somehow a misconception that part 15 AM stations are limited to a range of 98 feet are again reported, some of articles also incorrectly reported KENC was a FM station. Plus a curious mention that "A summary of the regulations stretches over 31 single-spaced pages".. Not sure what that refers to (the aforementioned 32 page field agents manual perhaps??), but the rules relating to operating part 15 AM would easily fit on a single page. But anyway, suffice to say some of the reporters apparently were not very diligent on some basic research for accuracy before publishing.
Meanwhile Ken is stressing "It is imperative that we keep the station on the air…"
KENC TEMPORARILY SHUTS DOWN ALL THREE TRANSMITTERS:
Although KENC was cited on only one location, he chose to cease broadcasting on all 3 locations effective November 21, 2009 at 5:00 PM PST until he can get the issue resolved, but continues the internet stream. Ken commented, ".Knowing that the FCC would be back to see if we complied I assumed that the other two transmitters would be the next targets. Why they weren't cited on his first visit is a mystery to me... Kenc"
CARTWRIGHT FIGHTS THE FCC:
Ken Cartwright writes his congressmen, Rep. Kurt Schraeder, and Sen. Ron Wyden for help, and filed a freedom of information act to find out who filed the complaint (he did not trust Nguyens claim of becoming aware of the station only by reading the news article), He also contacted an attorney in Washington, as well as Ken Hamilton, the manufacturer, who has began designing a ground lead filter for the system. Stayton Mayor Gerry Aboud also offered his assistance. Several locals wrote the FCC objecting to the closure of the station. There's also a rumor circulating that KENC is suing the FCC, but appears was nothing more than just that; a rumor.
Meanwhile, Ken, who considered the agent as incorrect for requiring compliance with 15.209, continues his efforts in expanding KENC to nearby Aumsville, and puts a full page paid advertisement in their newspaper requesting donations to install additional transmitters for their area.. Nothing became of it, presumably because his current FCC problems were already well known throughout the area.
FCC EXPRESSES CONCERN OVER DISCONECTING GROUND:
Katy Muldoon from the Oregonian, while doing a follow up story, called the FCC in DC and mentioned Nguyens advice about the disconnect on the ground as an option. The FCC responded; "We are very familiar with the KENC issue and we are concerned about the advice given to him about disconnecting his ground. If there was a lightning strike on the antenna, and equipment, buildings or god forbid a human injury, there could be problems"
KEN EXPRESSES CONCERN THE CITATION WILL THWART ATTEMPTS AT LPFM:
Ken had already been eyeing the AM station KCKX which was for sale and licensed to the area, but the $350,000 price was out of his reach. So he began watching the progress of HR 1147, Local Community Radio Act of 2009, intended to make it easier to obtain a FM license. Ken says, "My concern now is that if I try to apply for a LPFM, the citation will strike against me"
ONE MONTH AFTER FIRST NOUO, KENC RETURNS TO THE AIR:
December 7, 2009 - Statesman Journal
STAYTON BROADCASTER TO GO BACK ON AIR
Stayton low-power AM broadcaster Ken Cartwright said he is planning to return to the airwaves today, starting with his morning newscast at 6:30 a.m. That's despite a notice of unlicensed operation from the Federal Communications Commission for transmitting too much power for his type of station. The issue is still open, FCC officials said. "Until I get an official notice to cease and desist by a certain date, I'm going to exercise my freedom of speech and go back on air to serve the community with radio," Cartwright said. Cartwright said he will appeal if the FCC reaches a decision that is not in his favor. He said he also is meeting with staffers from Sen. Ron Wyden's office on Tuesday.
The late Ermi Roos had listened to that broadcast and describes what he heard:
"I listened to most of Ken Cartwright’s return to the air today. He only briefly mentioned his problem with the FCC; but, despite his quiet demeanor, he was defiant.. ..He says, in effect, that the rules are vague, and he requires clarification of the rules from the FCC to show that he is, in fact, violating Part 15. His next scheduled live broadcast will be tomorrow morning. We’ll have to see how this all turns out."
THE FOLLOWING WEEK, FCC OFFERS TO DIMISS THE CITATION:
On December 15, 2009 Ken issues a press release:
"The FCC inspector..[Nguyen] called and said that based on advise from legal consul for the FCC, If I would send them an affidavit certifying that our transmitters were tuned to 100 milliwatts and our ground and antenna were of legal attachment they would dismiss this action against KENC... It's because many of you have written to both the FCC and senator Wyden that this action has happened... I need to make a couple of little changes to our primary transmitter here at the shop... they also will not hold us to comply with the silly field strength meter rule of part 15.209... No Field strength meter ruling means my range for the station can be what is as long as I comply with the 100 Milliwatt part, which we have always done... I guess the civic lesson here is when you believe that you are right and fight for it, you will prevail.. I know that the pressure we put on the FCC with our reactions to this abuse of power had everything to do with it. My heartfelt thanks to you all and Merry Christmas.. Ken Cartwright"
On December 22, Ken writes a response to the FCC, stating his plans to install a filter (also referred to as a "RF Choke") and reconnect the antenna's ground lead in order to resume operation with the same antenna and ground configuration. (although he actually waited over a month to do so).
This clearly was not as much of a victory as Ken was perceiving it to be. Agent Nguyen wasn't saying anything different than what he had been saying all along. In light of all the supposed "pressure" the FCC received on the matter, the agent was simply giving Ken a courtesy call on what to do to become compliant. The part 15 community in general also responded to the announcement as exciting news.. Nobody seemed to realize there was absolutely nothing in the FCCs response to the issue that was any different than before.
RESPONSE FROM SENATOR WYDEN
I've not yet been able to retrieve an archived copy of the response from Wydens office, so again relying on Ermi Roos account of it at the time on December 17, 2009:
"On his website, Ken Cartwright posted a message to him from a staffer of Sen. Wyden. The message does not make a lot of sense. What I deciphered from the message is that the matter has been turned over to the OET staff for evaluation; that Ken does not have to meet BOTH 15.219 and 15.209, and that a 3 m ground lead is acceptable. (Maybe what was meant is 3 feet, which was mentioned previously, not three meters). Most important, there was no mention of the 40 foot tower. This causes me to think that this matter has not been settled yet."
In the first week of February, 2010 Ken installed Hamilton's first generation ground filter on his 40ft tower install.
NOTICE OF UNLICENSED OPERATION ISSUED ON KENC SUBLIMITY TOWER:
(Issued April 8, 2010 to Ken Cartwright)
".. On March 23, 2010, an agent from this office confirmed.. radio signals on frequency 1620 kHz were emanating from an AM transmitter installed on top of a metal water reservoir tower located near an address of 390 SE Church, Sublimity, Oregon.. ..The field strength.. was measured at 1400 microvolts per meter (uV/m ) at 30 meters from the base of the water reservoir tower,.. ..Another exception,. ..Specifically, Section 15.219(b).. ..the agent observed that the approximate length of the vertical whip antenna and the ground lead used by the station was 3 meters, however, the referenced antenna was attached to an unshielded radiating metal water reservoir tower and the height of the metal water reservoir tower measured approximately 100 feet (31.2 meters)....
A SIMILIAR NOUO IS ALSO ISSUED TO THE CITY:
(Issued April 8, 2010 to City of Sublimity)
On March 23, 2010, an agent from this office confirmed.. signals on frequency 1620 kHz were emanating from an AM transmitter installed on top of a metal water reservoir tower located near an address of 390 SE Church, Sublimity, Oregon 97385. Public records list you as the owner of the referenced water reservoir tower.. ..measured at 1400 microvolts per meter (uV/m ) at 30 meters from the base of the water reservoir tower, which exceeded the maximum permitted level.. ..This installation violated Section 15.219(b) of the Rules...
Also on March 23, Nguyen re-inspected and took field strength reading of the Stayton 40ft tower transmitter which Ken had installed a filter on...
GROUND LEAD FILTER TESTS:
In the following days Ken said in press releases: "..It's the same issue we had on our primary transmitter in downtown Stayton.. ..Because it's up on the tank, our alternative is to disconnect the ground completely or add a approved ground filter... we are not yet approved to use it.. meaning, that we will have to shut down both the main transmitter and the Sublimity transmitter until the FCC in Washington DC approves it, or not, and gives us a final approval..."
FCC REJECTS FILTER:
On July 8 Ken received an official response from the FCC concerning the filter:
"On March 23, 2010, this office re-inspected your AM transmitter, then operating with a filter (Rangemaster Model AM1000FIL) along with the associated antenna and ground configuration. This office made field strength measurements with and without the filter.. The field strength meter readings revealed no appreciable difference.. ..Consequently, it is apparent that the attachment of the filter to the transmitter and associated equipment does not limit the total length of the transmission line, antenna and ground to the three meters.. ..The FCC's Office of Engineering and Technology ("OET") also tested the devices and OET's results confirm the ineffectiveness of this configuration... You are hereby warned.. Resumed unauthorized operation of the radio transmitting equipment described herein may result in additional sanctions and potential forfeitures.
Binh Nguyen, resident agent, Portland Resident Agent Office, western Region, Enforcement Bureau. "
KENC SHUTS DOWN TWO TRANSMITTERS, KEEPS THE THIRD IN OPERATION:
APRIL 13, 2010: "..We will continue to keep our station online at www.kencradio.com and we will keep the one transmitter at the Stayton High school operational, as it's not an issue, until such time as we have this resolved..."
Ken is appealing the FCC's findings. He also begins looking into using Community Internet Television for providing information for his community.
KENC CHANGES CALL LETTERS (or did he?):
On June 10, Ken had to change his station name due to the FCC has assigning the call letters KENC to a licensed station in Colorado (KENC, 90.7 FM). Ken decides to avoid using letters that begin with a W or K for the new name, and On June 15 changes it to CCRN (stands for Canyon Community Radio Network). The very next day he reconsiders and changes it again to CKENC (not sure what that stood for). Oddly enough, thereafter Ken continues to refer to his station as KENC in press releases and in forums, it's unconfirmed if the actual broadcast continued to announce itself as KENC or not.
KEN MODIFIES PRIMARY TRANSMITTER INSTALL:
That same weekend, Ken reinstalls his transmitter by removing it from the 40' tower and put it back on top the building and attached it to a downstairs bathroom vent stack, which he utilized for it's new ground. It's not specified what he did at the Sublimity water tower install at that time, but an April issue of Our Town mentioned that Ken had discovered a loose ladder while checking his antenna, "which was then attached to the tower".. Indications are he had removed the transmitter entirely, if not in July, then certainly by May when the 1948 water tower had been totally dismantled. (Ken later posted a half hour time-lapse video of it being taken down over the course of several days).
On a side note, someone in the Antique Radio Forums name John mentioned: "What's really funny was when Ken asked me a couple years ago to go up the water tower and check on the transmitter. It's on the very top of the tank and some of the rungs welded to the tank are either loose of missing near the top! I declined."
THE FIGHT IS TAKENING IT'S TOLL:
Around this time Ken had began expressing his increasing discouragement in various forums and press releases, he felt that neither his Stayton community, nor other part 15 broadcasters were coming to his aid. One example was in the Yahoo Groups/LPAM discussions:
"It’s been three years since we went on the air and frankly I’m not sure if many in our community really care what we provide. This latest round with the FCC has really taken the wind out of our sails.. Makes me pause and want to rethink why I do this… Kenc”
In July, Ken begins indicating the possible sale of three Rangemasters and two Inovonics 222 Am processors..
KENC ISSUES INSTIGATE AN FCC FIO REQUEST:
Bill DeFelice, owner of hobbybroadcaster.net, inspired by the KENC citations, filed an FIOA request for documents giving guidelines to FCC agents inspecting Part 15 installations. The request was denied, but revealed a relevant 22-page internal document existed. Theory has it the document may be the same which the agent had read aloud to Ken that allows a certain amount of lee-way in the ground lead length. Another FIO request had later resulted in a redacted version of a similar or same documents, but since most of it is blacked out, we really don't know if such an issue is addressed in it.
KENC MERGES WITH KCKX
The October issue of Our Town reports: "..According to Cartwright, he has been interested in buying KCKX from owner Don Coss for the past three years, but that idea changed over the past three months to working together.. ...“Our studio will stream our broadcast on a dedicated circuit to the Woodburn studio for a redirect to the Stayton transmitter,” he added. “Both studios will use the same formats so it will be seamless to the listener.” ...Cartwright will discontinue broadcasting KENC on low-power AM, and broadcast part of the day from his studio over KCKX, which remain broadcasting from Woodburn.."
Ken announces he will cease broadcasting part 15 on October 18, 2010 (however there is a strong indications the part15 broadcast didn't cease until September 2011).
KENC SEPERATES FROM KCKX, MOVES TO KMUZ
April 19, 2011, KENC issues a Press Release reporting he will no longer be broadcasting on KCKX AM 1460, due to a pending and a probable sale of the station. "A decision to continue streaming on KENC is forthcoming." Ken continued on with his broadcast by presenting his bluegrass and classic country music program, "Ken 'til Ten" over KMUZ.
SEPTEMBER 3, 2011 • THE LAST BROADCAST OF KENC 1620 AM:
"On the last broadcast of KENC radio in Stayton, Oregon, on the 3rd of September, 2011. Ken Cartwright on Bass, Danny Lee Allison on Dobro, Clyde Clevenger on Mandolin, and starring Naltogethikki Clevenger on Guitar and Fake Banjo. Just for fun, and it was. Danny and I didn't know the tune so we faked it.
Watch it on YOUTUBE: Dixie Hoedown
KENC AQUIRES LPFM LICENCE AND BECOMES KYAC FM:
Feb 18, 2014 - The Canyon Weekly Newsletter: KYAC RADIO SOON TO BE A REALITY IN MILL CITY
"Jan and Ken Cartwright have partnered with Satiam Hearts to Arts to put a FM community radio station on the air in Mill City. Their application with the FCC has been accepted, and they expect approval by the end of the year.."
And it was approved! Kens brand new LPFM station received it's the license just six months later on July 15, 2014 and is still going strong today.
I was not able to confirm if Ken sold any of his part 15 equipment or not, but did find where he had donated one of his barix boxes to KMUZ in June of 2014:
BARIX BOX RECEIVED! -The Wish List is One Item Smaller! This morning, Ken Cartwright, Music and Repair Shop in Stayton donated a near new Barix Extreamer 500 network En-Decoder. This device was used at KENC Community Radio to stream his signal via internet to KCKX for rebroadcast. This device will allow KMUZ to stream its signal to the transmitter and antenna. New they cost $530… Thanks Ken!
There's an cool and interesting side story to the Sublimity water tower, which I'll come back to later, but that concludes our story of KENC.. Like I said, it's downfall was not a failure, and as far as I'm concerned, KENC will live on forever.